Position-Aided mm-Wave Beam Training Under NLOS Conditions
Ray tracing simulation results indicate that a high-resolution database is not needed to exploit user position knowledge in the 28-GHz band, even in the case of inexact information. A proposed antenna alignment algorithm (using maximum position errors and database resolutions of 10 and 4 m, respectively) that takes advantage of the propagation characteristics knowledge of database points located around the reported location is applied. The results show that the distance between the points can be increased up to 2 m with no considerable negative impact on performance. Simulations also indicate that this outcome is sustained when the maximum power level received at the user equipment varies. The algorithm provides the benefit of a higher initial power delivery and fewer steps, as long as the exact geographical position of the user is within the circular area containing the considered database points. The performance is similar to or better than that of a modified classical hierarchical procedure.
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