A Dual-Band Feed Network for Series-Fed Antenna Arrays Using Extended Composite Right/Left-Handed Transmission Lines
In this paper, extended composite right/left-handed (E-CRLH) structures are studied to design multiband microwave devices. As an example, a three-way series power divider (SPD) is designed. The overall effects of the E-CRLH structures, as the feeding networks of the antenna arrays, on the antenna arrays main-beam variations are investigated. We also design and implement two antenna arrays with $N=3$ elements and the same interelement distances each fed by a distinct three-way SPD. The radiation patterns of the antennas are examined. Simulation and measurement results demonstrate that the desired main-beam squinting of the antenna array could be obtained by engineering the parameters of the feeding network instead of adjusting the interelement distances.