Investigation of Geometry and Current Density Effects in a Pulsed Electrothermal Plasma Source Using a 2-D Simulation Model
Electrothermal (ET) plasma discharges have application to mass acceleration technologies relevant to military ballistics and magnetic confinement fusion reactor operation. ET plasma discharges are initiated in capillary geometries by passing large currents (order of tens of kiloamperes) along the capillary axis. A partially ionized plasma then forms and radiates heat to the capillary walls inducing ablation. Ablated particles enter the capillary plasma source and cause a pressure surge that can propel pellets to velocities exceeding 2 km/s. These devices present several advantages over other mass accelerator technologies due to their simple design and ability to achieve high projectile launch frequencies. In order to investigate the operation of ET plasma discharges in more detail than previously possible, a 2-D, multifluid model has been developed to simulate the plasma-fluid dynamics that develop in these devices during operation. In this paper, the 2-D simulation model is used to investigate the effect of source geometry and current density on discharge characteristics. Peak pressure and electric field magnitudes for pulsed discharge operation are shown to scale well with theoretical and empirical scaling laws for steady-state discharge operation. The pulse shape of the source internal pressure is shown to change significantly with increasing source radius. The behavior of other plasma parameters is investigated. In addition, observations of the departure from the ablation-controlled arc regime are presented. This analysis suggests that, for the current pulse length investigated, source radii higher than 4 mm require significantly more current density in order to produce sufficient ablation to stabilize the plasma discharge.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기