Informed Fixed Scheduling for Faster Convergence of Shuffled Belief-Propagation Decoding
A novel informed fixed scheduling (IFS) scheme for shuffled belief-propagation (BP) decoding of binary low-density parity-check (LDPC) code is introduced to improve the BP decoding convergence. The IFS finds an appropriate order of variable nodes in accordance with the number of updated neighbors in the code graph, ensuring that the maximum number of latest message updates is utilized within a single iteration. This allows the utilization of most reliable message updates in a timely manner, leading to faster error-rate convergence. Simulation results show that the proposed IFS scheme improves the convergence speed of BP decoder by up to 20% for regular LDPC codes and 45% for irregular LDPC codes, without affecting the error-rate performance, at medium-to-high signal-to-noise ratio over binary-input additive white Gaussian noise channel.