High-Rate APSK-Aided Differential Spatial Modulation: Design Method and Performance Analysis
Differential spatial modulation (DSM) is a novel multiple-input multiple-output wireless transmission technique, which relies on a single radio-frequency transmit structure without the need of the channel state information. In this letter, a novel high-rate design scheme relying on the amplitude phase shift keying (APSK) is proposed for DSM schemes. Moreover, a simplified upper bound of the average bit error probability (ABEP) of the proposed APSK-aided DSM scheme is derived and the ring ratio of the designed DSM constellation is optimized based on our theoretical ABEP results. Simulation results show that, at the same throughputs, the proposed scheme is capable of providing considerable bit error rate performance improvement over conventional DSM schemes.