CO2/CO concentration ratio: A complementary method for determining the degree of polymerization of power transformer paper insulation
Since power transformers are valuable components of power networks, reliable determination of the remaining lifetime of a transformer is very important for power utilities. Power transformers consist of oil, a core, wire, and paper (cellulose), and their performance and remaining useful lifetime depend on the state of the oil-impregnated paper. Changing the oil over the lifetime of a transformer is possible, but it is not possible to change the insulation paper. Thus, the end of the paper lifetime will also be the end of the transformer lifetime (typically more than 40 years). The health condition of an in-service power transformer can be assessed by chemical and electrical tests of the oil and the paper .