Virtual Multipath Attack and Defense for Location Distinction in Wireless Networks
In wireless networks, location distinction aims to detect location changes or facilitate authentication of wireless users. To achieve location distinction, recent research has focused on investigating the spatial uncorrelation property of wireless channels. Specifically, differences in wireless channel characteristics are used to distinguish locations or identify location changes. However, we discover a new attack against all existing location distinction approaches that are built on the spatial uncorrelation property of wireless channels. In such an attack, the adversary can easily hide her location changes or impersonate movements by injecting fake wireless channel characteristics into a target receiver. To defend against this attack, we propose a detection technique that utilizes an auxiliary receiver or antenna to identify these fake channel characteristics. We also discuss such attacks and corresponding defenses in OFDM systems. Experimental results on our USRP-based prototype show that the discovered attack can craft any desired channel characteristic with a successful probability of 95.0 percent to defeat spatial uncorrelation based location distinction schemes and our novel detection method achieves a detection rate higher than 91.2 percent while maintaining a very low false alarm rate.
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