Active ROCOF Relay for Islanding Detection
Intentional frequency perturbation by recently researched active islanding detection techniques for inverter based distributed generation (DG) define new threshold settings for the frequency relays. This innovation has enabled the modern frequency relays to operate inside the non-detection zone (NDZ) of the conventional frequency relays. However, the effect of such perturbation on the performance of the rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) relays has not been researched so far. This paper evaluates the performance of ROCOF relays under such perturbations for an inverter interfaced DG and proposes an algorithm along with the new threshold settings to enable it work under the NDZ. The proposed algorithm is able to differentiate between an islanding and a non-islanding event. The operating principle of relay is based on low frequency current injection through grid side voltage source converter (VSC) control of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) and therefore, the relay is defined as “active ROCOF relay”. Simulations are done in MATLAB.