A Non-unit Protection Scheme for DC Microgrid Based on Local Measurements
This paper proposes a nonunit protection scheme for DC microgrids (DC MGs) utilizing only local measurements. This scheme is developed based on the natural characteristics of DC current and its first and second derivatives under fault transients. Since it is based on local measurements, the problems associated with the communication delay are avoided. The selected protection scheme detects and discriminates the faults within a few microseconds of its inception. In this paper, a method to calculate the thresholds, used for the protection scheme, is also discussed. The proposed scheme is validated on a ring-type DC MG architecture under different fault scenarios and tested through MATLAB/Simulink simulations.