Non-Contact Capacitive-Coupling-Based and Magnetic-Field-Sensing-Assisted Technique for Monitoring Voltage of Overhead Power Transmission Lines
Adopting non-contact capacitive coupling for voltage monitoring is promising as it avoids electrical connection with high-voltage transmission lines. However, coupled voltage transformation matrix to correlate voltage of overhead transmission lines and induction bars has not been achieved mathematically due to the lack of equivalent electric circuit model for analyzing the physical phenomenon. Moreover, exact spatial positions of overhead transmission lines are typically unknown and dynamic in practice. In this paper, a technique based on non-contact capacitive-coupling and assisted by magnetic-field sensing for monitoring voltage of overhead transmission lines was designed and implemented. The technique in this paper is demonstrated on a single-circuit transmission line as an example, while it is also applicable for multi-circuit transmission lines. The capacitive coupling between overhead transmission lines and induction bars were modeled as lumped capacitors, and then, the equivalent electric circuit model was established. The coupled voltage transformation matrix to correlate voltage of overhead transmission lines and induced voltage of induction bars mathematically was formed accordingly. This paper was also carried out to analyze the effect of ground wires, sensitivity of induction bars, the ability of high-frequency transient measurement, and the intrinsic capacitance of a measurement instrument. The exact spatial positions of overhead transmission lines were acquired by integrating magnetic-field sensing with the stochastic optimization algorithm. The methodology was verified by simulation on the 10-kV single-circuit three-phase overhead transmission lines taking non-ideality of signal measurement in account, and wavelet de-noising algorithm was supplemented to filter the interferences. A scaled testbed to experiment the technique was built to monitor 220 V overhead transmission lines in the lab, and also the typical waveform of a high-frequency switching surge (up to 1 kHz), which was generated by a programmable ac source. The reconstructed results match well with the actual values. This technique can largely improve transient-fault identification over traditional potential transformers by the virtue of the increased upper measurement limit and bandwidth through capacitive coupling. Moreover, it can be implemented with low-cost copper induction bars and compact magnetoresistive sensors, enabling large-scale application to realize sectional monitoring in the wide area.