본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Water resources research v.52 no.9, 2016년, pp.7130 - 7150   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

How does reach‐scale stream‐hyporheic transport vary with discharge? Insights from rSAS analysis of sequential tracer injections in a headwater mountain stream

Harman, C. J. (School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA ) ; Ward, A. S. (Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA ) ; Ball, A. ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract The models of stream reach hyporheic exchange that are typically used to interpret tracer data assume steady‐flow conditions and impose further assumptions about transport processes on the interpretation of the data. Here we show how rank Storage Selection (rSAS) functions can be used to extract “process‐agnostic” information from tracer breakthrough curves about the time‐varying turnover of reach storage. A sequence of seven slug injections was introduced to a small stream at base flow over the course of a diel fluctuation in stream discharge, providing breakthrough curves at discharges ranging from 0.7 to 1.2 L/s. Shifted gamma distributions, each with three parameters varying stepwise in time, were used to model the rSAS function and calibrated to reproduce each breakthrough curve with Nash‐Sutcliffe efficiencies in excess of 0.99. Variations in the fitted parameters over time suggested that storage within the reach does not uniformly increase its turnover rate when discharge increases. Rather, changes in transit time are driven by both changes in the average rate of turnover (external variability) and changes in the relative rate that younger and older water contribute to discharge (internal variability). Specifically, at higher discharge, the turnover rate increased for the youngest part of the storage (corresponding to approximately 5 times the volume of the channel), while discharge from the older part of the storage remained steady, or declined slightly. The method is shown to be extensible as a new approach to modeling reach‐scale solute transport that accounts for the time‐varying, discharge‐dependent turnover of reach storage.


    Key Points Seven tracer injections over 28 h analyzed using rank Storage Selection function theory of time‐varying transit time distributions rSAS results show fluctuations in turnover rate of reach storage at base flow limited to a volume 5 times larger than visible channel Method suggests an approach to parsimonious reach‐scale solute transport that accounts for time‐varying stream‐hyporheic exchange dynamics


  • 주제어

    Hyporheic .   rSAS .   transit time distribution .   storage selection function .   stream transport.  

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • 원문이 없습니다.
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기