Management of augmentation of restless legs syndrome with rotigotine: a 1-year observational study
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of switching to rotigotine transdermal patch on severity of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients who experienced acute augmentation with previous oral dopaminergics. Methods: In this 13-month observational study, adults with moderate-to-severe RLS and augmentation were switched to rotigotine per the physician's independent decision. Assessments included Clinical Global Impression severity score (CGI-1); (primary), treatment regimen for switching (secondary), RLS-6, International RLS Study Group Rating Scale (IRLS), and augmentation severity rating scale (ASRS). Results: A total of 99 patients received rotigotine, of whom 46 completed observational period, and 43 were assessed for effectiveness. A total of 5 patients switched to rotigotine after a >1-day drug holiday, 23 switched overnight, 9 had an overlapping switch, and 6 received ongoing oral dopaminergics with rotigotine for ≥28 days. Of the 99 patients, 57 took concomitant RLS medications (excluding switching medications) on at least 1 day. At the final visit, median change in CGI-1 (Hodges-Lehman estimate [95% CI]) was -2.0 (-2.5, -1.50); 37 of the 43 patients improved by ≥1 CGI-1 category, and 16 of 43 were responders (≥50% improvement). RLS-6 and IRLS scores also improved. Patients had median ASRS of 0 at the final visit indicating ''no worsening/occurrence of augmentation.'' ASRS item 1 showed a shift in mean time of symptom onset (24-h clock) from 12:38 (baseline) to 18:25 (final visit). Most common reasons for withdrawal of rotigotine were adverse events (26 patients) and lack of efficacy (14 patients). Conclusions: Switching from oral therapies to rotigotine was effective in improving RLS symptoms in 37 of the 43 patients (from the original population of 99 patients) who remained in the study over 13 months. Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.govNCT01386944.
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