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Characterization of in-plane backbone response of cold-formed steel beams

Ayhan, D. ; Schafer, B.W. ;
  • 초록  

    Thin-walled cold-formed steel beams are investigated with existing experimental data and shell finite element simulations to characterize their in-plane moment-rotation behavior, up to and past peak strength, in local or distortional failure modes. Although ultimate strength prediction of cold-formed steel members is generally well addressed in design codes, pre- and post-peak member stiffness is only partially addressed; while member ductility and post-peak moment-rotation response suffers from a lack of any clear guidance. Without fundamental information on cold-formed steel moment-rotation/curvature response, i.e. the backbone curve, system modeling for cold-formed steel structures to collapse remains severely hampered. Existing data on cold-formed steel beams are used as the basis for the study conducted herein. Simplified moment-rotation models, motivated from ASCE 41 characterizations, defined with pre-peak flexural rigidity degradation, post-peak plateau and strength drop are explored by equating the area under the backbone moment-rotation response (energy) between the available data and simplified models. In-plane response of cold-formed steel beams is parametrized with new design expressions depending on local and distortional cross-section slenderness. This research provides work for potential incorporation into design standards such as ASCE 41 and AISI S100. Out-of-plane response of cold-formed steel beams, including lateral-torsional buckling, remains as needed future work.


  • 주제어

    Cold-formed steel beams .   Local buckling .   Distortional buckling .   Moment-rotation .   Moment-curvature .   Backbone curve .   Cross-section slenderness.  

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