Existence of ATP sensitive potassium currents on human periodontal ligament cells
Objective: Potassium channels of the ATP-sensitive family (K ATP channel) are inhibited by increase in intracellular ATP. Electrophysiological studies have demonstrated that the kinetics and pharmacological properties of K ATP channels vary among different tissues, suggesting structurally and functionally distinct types. There are studies showing human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells respond to mechanical stress by increasing ATP release, which participates in bone resorption or bone homeostasis. So, in this study we investigated the existence of K ATP channel subunit and their single channel properties in human periodontal ligaments. Materials & method: The human PDL cells were isolated from healthy erupted third molar. For patch-clamp experiments, human PDL fibroblasts were seeded on 3.5cm plastic dishes. The inside-out patch clamp recordings were performed under voltage clamp mode. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was conducted to identify the channel subunits. All pair-wise comparisons were performed by Paired t-test. A P value + concentration of 140mM and inward rectification was seen in ATP-free bath solution. The reversal potential of the currents was found to be 0mV at symmetrical concentration (140mM) of K + in bath solution. The single channel currents were almost blocked by adding 5mM ATP in the bath solution. However, the currents were not blocked by 100μM glibenclamide, a subunit specific K ATP channel blocker. Conclusions: These results indicate that human PDL cells express K ATP channels subunit including Sur2B and Kir6.1 and Kir6.2 which are sensitive to ATP but insensitive to glibenclamide.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2017.01.006
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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