When marketing and innovation interact: The case of born-global firms
Previous research on born-global firms (BGs) has emphasized their strong dependency on establishing a competitive positioning from the early days of their existence. While many researchers emphasized BGs' innovativeness as a driver of their competitiveness, the capabilities underlying BGs' innovativeness are still under-researched, specifically, marketing, and innovation-related capabilities. Based on a preliminary stage of in-depth interviews with senior managers, we identified three capabilities, market intelligence generation, marketing adaptability, and team cohesion, that underscore the interaction between innovation and marketing. We then performed a SEM analysis based on data collected from 127 BGs. Our findings indicate that marketing intelligence and team cohesion directly and positively impact BGs' innovativeness. Marketing adaptability was found to be moderated by environmental conditions-economic development and technological development. When economic development is high, salesforce adaptability enhances BGs' innovativeness, while product adaptability or communication adaptability decreases BGs' innovativeness. When technological development is high, product adaptability enhances BGs' innovativeness, while salesforce adaptability decreases BGs' innovativeness.
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