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The Nature of Electrochemical Delithiation of Li-Mg Alloy Electrodes: Neutron Computed Tomography and Analytical Modeling of Li Diffusion and Delithiation Phenomenon

Zhang, Y. (<sup>a</sup>Department of Metallurgical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA ) ; Chandran, K. S. Ravi (<sup>a</sup>Department of Metallurgical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA ) ; Jagannathan, M. (<sup>a</sup>Department of Metallurgical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA ) ; Bilheux, H. Z. (<sup>b</sup>Chemical and Engineering Materials Division, Neutron Sciences Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA ) ; Bilheux, J. C. (<sup>c</sup>Neutron Data Analysis and Visualization Division, Neutron Sciences Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA ) ;
  • 초록  

    Li-Mg alloys are promising as positive electrodes (anodes) for Li-ion batteries due to the high Li storage capacity and the relatively lower volume change during the lithiation/delithiation process. They also present a unique opportunity to image the Li distribution through the electrode thickness at various delithiation states. In this work, spatial distributions of Li in electrochemically delithiated Li-Mg alloy electrodes have been quantitatively determined using neutron tomography. Specifically, the Li concentration profiles along thickness direction are determined. A rigorous analytical model to quantify the diffusion-controlled delithiation, accompanied by phase transition and boundary movement, has also been developed to explain the delithiation mechanism. The analytical modeling scheme successfully predicted the Li concentration profiles which agreed well with the experimental data. It is demonstrated that during discharge Li is removed by diffusion through the solid solution Li-Mg phases and this proceeds with β→α phase transition and the associated phase boundary movement through the thickness of the electrode. This is also accompanied by electrode thinning due to the change in molar volume during delithiation. Following the approaches developed here, one can develop a rigorous and quantitative understanding of electrochemical delithiation in electrodes of electrochemical cells, similar to that in the present Li-Mg electrodes.


  • 주제어

    Analytical model .   Diffusion .   Li-Mg alloy .   Lithium-ion batteries .   Neutron tomography.  

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