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Reversible Capacity of Conductive Carbon Additives at Low Potentials: Caveats for Testing Alternative Anode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries

See, Kimberly A. (<sup>a</sup>Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA ) ; Lumley, Margaret A. (<sup>b</sup>Mitsubishi Chemical – ) ; Stucky, Galen D. (Center for Advanced Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA ) ; Grey, Clare P. (<sup>b</sup>Mitsubishi Chemical – ) ; Seshadri, Ram (Center for Advanced Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA ) ;
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    The electrochemical performance of alternative anode materials for Li-ion batteries is often measured using composite electrodes consisting of active material and conductive carbon additives. Cycling of these composite electrodes at low voltages demonstrates charge storage at the operating potentials of viable anodes, however, the conductive carbon additive is also able to store charge in the low potential regime. The contribution of the conductive carbon additives to the observed capacity is often neglected when interpreting the electrochemical performance of electrodes. To provide a reference for the contribution of the carbons to the observed capacity, we report the charge storage behavior of two common conductive carbon additives Super P and Ketjenblack as a function of voltage, rate, and electrolyte composition. Both carbons exhibit substantial capacities after 100 cycles, up to 150 mAh g −1 , when cycled to 10 mV. The capacity is dependent on the discharge cutoff voltage and cycling rate with some dependence on electrolyte composition. The first few cycles are dominated by the formation of the SEI followed by a fade to a steady, reversible capacity thereafter. Neglecting the capacity of the carbon additive can lead to significant errors in the estimation of charge storage capabilities of the active material.


  • 주제어

    alternative anode .   amorphous carbons .   carbonate electrolyte .   composite slurry .   conductive carbon additives .   reversible capacity of conductive carbons.  

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