Cloning, overexpression, and purification of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Abstract Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) (EC 18.104.22.1683) plays an important role in the human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa because it generates NADPH, an essential cofactor for several biosynthetic pathways and antioxidant enzymes. P. aeruginosa G6PDH is also a key enzyme in the metabolism of various carbon sources, such as glucose, glycerol, fructose, and mannitol. Understanding the kinetic characteristics and mechanisms that control the activity of this enzyme is crucial for future studies in this context. However, one of the impediments to achieving this goal is the limited amount of protein obtained when current purification protocols are implemented, a factor curtailing its biochemical characterization. In this study, we report a fast, efficient and reproducible procedure for the purification of P. aeruginosa G6PDH that can be implemented in a short period (2 days). In order to establish this protocol, the zwf gene, which encodes for this enzyme, was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli cells. In contrast to other procedures, our method is based on protein precipitation with CaCl 2 and further purification by ion exchange chromatography. Using this protocol, we were able to obtain 31 mg/L of pure protein that manifested specific activity of 145.7 U/mg. The recombinant enzyme obtained in this study manifested similar physicochemical and kinetic properties to those reported in previous works for this molecule. The large quantities of active enzyme obtained using this procedure will facilitate its structural characterization and identify differences between P. aeruginosa - and human G6PDH, thus contributing to the search for selective inhibitors against the bacterial enzyme. Highlights A novel protocol for purifying recombinant P. aeruginosa G6PDH enzyme is described. The main steps are precipitation with CaCl 2 and anion exchange chromatography. The yield of purified G6PDH is 31 mg per liter of transformed E. coli culture. The recombinant is kinetically identical to the enzyme purified from P. aeruginosa .
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