Ultrasensitive microRNA-21 detection based on DNA hybridization chain reaction and SYBR Green dye
Abstract It is extremely important for quantifying trace microRNAs in the biomedical applications. In this study, an ultrasensitive, rapid and efficient label-free fluorescence method was proposed and applied for detecting microRNA-21 in serum of gastric cancer patients based on DNA hybridization chain reaction (HCR). DNA H1 and DNA H2 were designed and used as hairpin probes, the HCR was proceeded in the presence of target microRNAs. Amounts of SYBR Green І dyes were used as signal molecules to intercalate long DNA concatemers from HCR, which guaranteed the model of label-free fluorescence and strong fluorescence density. The detection method showed a wide linear region from 1 fM to 10 5 fM, and the limit of detection was 0.2554 fM (at S/N = 3) for microRNAs. The results showed that this method had an excellent specificity and reproducibility. Furthermore, the label-free fluorescence strategy exhibited a sensitive response to microRNA-21 in real serum samples of gastric cancer patients and the results obtained were in accordance with reference method (R 2 = 0.994). Overall, the proposed strategy could be satisfactory for rapid, ultrasensitive and efficient detection of microRNA-21, and held great potentials in clinic diagnosis of gastric cancer. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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