shRNA interference of NLRP3 inflammasome alleviate ischemia reperfusion-induced myocardial damage through autophagy activation
Abstract Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury always occur during the recovery of myocardial blood supply with high morbidity and mortality. Although, various therapeutic schedules were applied in clinic, there are real problems that have to be resolved on curative effect. Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome has moderation effects on cellular damage and inflammatory reaction after I/R injury. Our research aims to investigate a more effective approach to restrain the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in treating myocardial I/R injury. Results indicated that cell viability, Bax/Bcl-2 expression were affected hardly by sh-NLRP3 transfection in normal cells. However, the decreased cell viability and increased Bax/Bcl-2 expression level caused by I/R were remarkably suppressed through sh-NLRP3 transfection. Besides that, the reduced levels of pro-autophagy proteins (Beclin1, Agt7, LC3II/LC3I) while enhanced level of anti-autophagy protein (p62) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bax/Bcl-2) were significantly repressed via sh-NLRP3 transfection. Nevertheless, the autophagy inhibitor 3 MA could reverse the results. Moreover, in vivo experiment suggested that NLRP3 was up-regulated in wild type (WT) rats with I/R injury. The expansion of infarct size induced by ischemia was tremendously constricted in NLRP3 knockout (KO) rats. NLRP3 silence had nearly no impact on myocardial enzymes (AST, LDH and CK) expressions, inflammatory factors (TNF-α and IL-1β) expressions and cell apoptosis in rats without I/R injury. Nonetheless, the elevated levels of myocardial enzymes, inflammatory factors and cell apoptosis caused by I/R injury were vastly inhibited in NLRP3 KO rats. Furthermore, NLRP3 KO itself would lead to higher level of pro-autophagy proteins (Beclin1, Agt7, LC3II/LC3I) while lower level of anti-autophagy protein (p62) in vivo . The decreased expressions of pro-autophagy proteins while increased expressions of anti-autophagy protein induced by I/R injury were remarkably suppressed by NLRP3 KO. Taken together, our study indicated that shRNA interference of NLRP3 inflammasome attenuated myocardial I/R injury via autophagy activation. These findings demonstrated that NLRP3 KO may a promising therapy in myocardial I/R injury.
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