Assessing potential release tendency of As, Mo and W in the tributary sediments of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China
Abstract As the largest man-made reservoir in China, the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) has significant influence on national drinking water safety. The geochemical behavior of trace elements at the sediment-water interface (SWI) is still unknown. The mobilization characteristics of trace elements (As, Mo and W)-determined by diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT)-were studied to quantitatively calculate the release trends in the SWI in three typical tributaries and the mainstream of the TGR in the summer. The results showed that concentrations of DGT-labile As, Mo and W in the overlying water and sediment cores showed significant variations in the ranges of 0.05–50.90, 0.30–1.63 and 0.01–0.42μgL −1 , respectively. The apparent net diffusive fluxes were significantly positive in most sampling sites (77.8% for As, 88.8% for Mo and 66.6% for W), suggesting that the sediment was the source of these three elements. It was noteworthy that the maximum net diffusive fluxes of As and W were found in the upstream of Meixi tributary, which may be attributed to anthropogenic activities. In addition, As, Mo and W may be incorporated in Fe and Mn oxyhydroxides and these three elements simultaneously remobilized with Fe and Mn. Highlights DGT was applied to measure the dynamic mobilization characteristics of As, Mo and W. There was a potential risk of As, Mo and W to the overlying water at most sites. The maximum net diffusive fluxes of As and W appeared in the upstream of the Meixi. As, Mo and W were remobilized simultaneously with Fe and Mn. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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