Bioconjugated graphene oxide hydrogel as an effective adsorbent for cationic dyes removal
Abstract In this study, graphene oxide - cellulose nanowhiskers nanocomposite hydrogel was easily synthesized through covalent functionalization of cellulose nanowhiskers with graphene oxide via a facile approach. The nitrene chemistry applied for covalent functionalization of graphene oxide sheets. The surface morphology and chemical structure of the nanocomposite hydrogel were characterized by FTIR, TGA, Raman, XRD, elemental analysis and SEM. The UV/Visible absorption spectrum revealed that the obtained porous nanocomposite hydrogel can efficiently remove cationic dyes such as methylene blue (MB) and Rhodamine B (RhB) from wastewater with high absorption power. The adsorption process showed that 100% of MB and 90% of RhB have been removed and the equilibrium state has been reached in 15min for low concentration solutions in accordance with the pseudo-second-order model. Moreover, the sample exhibited stable performance after being used several times. High adsorption capacity and easy recovery are the efficient factors making these materials as good adsorbent for water pollutants and wastewater treatment. Highlights New hydrogel based on GO and cellulose nanowhisker (CNW) synthesized. Nitrene chemistry applied for covalent functionalization of GO sheets by CNW. The hydrogel used as effective adsorbent for removal of MB and RhB. It found that the adsorption kinetics followed a pseudo-second-order model. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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