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Appetite v.120, 2018년, pp.367 - 373   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Food addiction and substance addiction in women: Common clinical characteristics

Hardy, Raven (Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA ); Fani, Negar (Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA ); Jovanovic, Tanja (Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA ); Michopoulos, Vasiliki (Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA );
  • 초록  

    Abstract Food addiction is characterized by poorly controlled intake of highly-palatable, calorically-dense, foods. While previous studies indicate that risk factors for food addiction are similar to substance use disorders (SUD), these studies have looked at food addiction and SUD in independent samples, limiting the ability to directly compare food addiction to SUD. The present study was conducted to assess rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, childhood and adult trauma exposure, as well as presence and severity of emotion dysregulation, in a sample of women (N = 229) who either meet criteria for no addiction, food addiction only or SUD only. The prevalence of food addiction was 18.3% and the prevalence of SUD was 30.6% in this sample. Women with food addiction and women with SUD endorsed more depression and PTSD symptoms when compared with individuals with no addiction. Individuals with food addiction and SUD had higher total emotion dysregulation scores, specifically with difficulties in goal directed behaviors, non-acceptance of emotional responses, impulse control, limited access to emotion regulation strategies, and lack of emotional clarity, when compared to individuals with no addiction (all p's 0.05). However, women with SUD endorsed higher levels of total childhood (p


  • 주제어

    Food addiction .   Emotion regulation .   Substance use .   Trauma .   Women.  

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