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Appetite v.120, 2018년, pp.449 - 455   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

When does behavior follow intent? Relationships between trait level dietary restraint and daily eating behaviors

Rodgers, Rachel F. (APPEAR, Department of Applied Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, USA ) ; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew (School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia ) ; Holmes, Millicent (School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia ) ; Skouteris, Helen (School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia ) ; Broadbent, Jaclyn (School of Psychology, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Background The relationship between self-report trait level restriction and daily engagement in restriction behaviors is not well understood, and as a result the usefulness of such trait level measures is unclear. The present study aimed both to examine the validity of self-reported trait dietary restraint behaviors, and to examine the respective relationships among self-reported trait dietary restraint intentions and behaviors and both restrained and disinhibited eating at the daily level. Methods A sample of 109 women ( M age = 2 24.72, SD = 4.15) completed a self-report trait level measure of dietary restraint before providing EMA data on their daily engagement in dietary restraint and disinhibited eating behaviors, as well as mood, over a period of 7 days. Multilevel hurdle models were used to test the relationship between trait levels of dietary restraint, and daily level reports of restraint and disinhibited eating behaviors. Results Trait restraint behavior was a consistent predictor of daily presence and frequency of restraint behaviors. In contrast, trait restraint intentions was not a predictor of daily restraint behaviors, however it did predict daily frequency of overeating. In addition, daily negative affect emerged as a predictor of comfort eating, but was not predictive of restraint behaviors. Conclusions Findings confirm the usefulness of assessments of self-reported trait dietary restraint behaviors as a method of capturing dieting behaviors. In contrast, trait level dietary restraint intentions was a poor predictor of eating outcomes and more research on the way that restraint intentions affect eating behaviors is warranted.


  • 주제어

    Restraint .   Dieting .   Ecological momentary assessment .   Experience sampling .   Disinhibited eating.  

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