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Appetite v.120, 2018년, pp.673 - 678   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

High definition transcranial pink noise stimulation of anterior cingulate cortex on food craving: An explorative study

Leong, Sook Ling (Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand ) ; De Ridder, Dirk (Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand ) ; Vanneste, Sven (Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand ) ; Sutherland, Wayne (Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand ) ; Ross, Samantha (Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand ) ; Manning, Patrick (Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Dysfunctional neural activity in the cortical reward system network has been implicated in food addiction. This is the first study exploring the potential therapeutic effects of high definition transcranial pink noise stimulation (HD-tPNS) targeted at the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) on craving and brain activity in women with obesity who showed features of food addiction (Yale Food Addiction Scale score of ≥3). Sixteen eligible females participated in a randomized, double-blind, parallel group study. Participants received six 20-minute sessions of either 1 mA (n = 8) or sham (n = 8) stimulation with HD-tPNS over two weeks. Anode was placed above the ACC (Fz) with 4 cathodes (F7, T3, F8, and T4). Food craving was assessed using the Food Cravings Questionnaire State (FCQ-S) and brain activity was measured using electroencephalogram (EEG). Assessments were at baseline, and two days, four weeks, and six weeks after stimulation. A 22% decrease (mean decrease of −1.11, 95% CI -2.09, −0.14) was observed on the 5-point ‘intense desire to eat’ subscale two days after stimulation in the HD-tPNS group compared to sham. Furthermore, whole brain analysis showed a significant decrease in beta 1 activity in the ACC in the stimulation group compared to sham (threshold 0.38, p = 0.04). These preliminary findings suggest HD-tPNS of the ACC transiently inhibits the desire to eat and, thus, warrants further examination as a potential tool in combating food craving.


  • 주제어

    Pink noise .   High definition stimulation .   Food craving .   Cortical reward network .   Obesity .   Food addiction.  

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