VIH from the mud crab is specifically expressed in the eyestalk and potentially regulated by transactivator of Sox9/Oct4/Oct1
Abstract Vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH) is known to regulate ovarian maturation by suppressing the synthesis of vitellogenin (Vtg) in crustaceans, which belongs to a member of crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) family synthesized and secreted from the X-organ/sinus gland complex of eyestalks. In this study, the cDNA, genomic DNA (gDNA) and the 5′-upstream regulatory (promoter region) sequences of VIH gene were obtained by conventional PCR, genome walker and tail-PCR techniques according to our transcriptomic database of Scylla paramamosain . The full-length cDNA of SpVIH is 634bp including 105bp 5′UTR, 151bp 3′UTR and 378bp ORF that encodes a peptide of 125 amino acids. The full length gDNA of SpVIH is 790bp containing two exons and one intron. The 5′-flanking promoter regions of SpVIH we isolated are 3070bp from the translation initiation (ATG) and 2398bp from the predicted transcription initiation (A), which consists of putative core promoter region and multiple potential transcription factor binding sites. SpVIH was only expressed in eyestalk. The expression level of SpVIH in eyestalk of female crab decreased gradually along with the development of ovary. As there is not cell line of crabs available, we chose the mature transfection system HEK293FT cell lines to explore the mechanism of transcription regulation of SpVIH in crabs. Sequential deletion assays using luciferase reporter gene in HEK293FT cells revealed that the possible promoter activity regions (including positive and negative transcription factors binding sites simultaneously) presented between p Sp VIH-4 and p Sp VIH-6. In order to further identify the crucial transcription factors binding site in this region, the site-directed mutagenesis of Sox9/Oct4/Oct1 binding site of p Sp VIH-4 was created. The results demonstrated that the transcriptional activity of p Sp VIH-4△ decreased significantly (p SpVIH . Highlights cDNA, genomic DNA and the 5′-upstream regulatory sequences of SpVIH gene were obtained. SpVIH was only expressed in eyestalk. The expression level of SpVIH in eyestalk decreased gradually along with ovarian development. The possible promoter activity regions presented between pSpVIH-4 and pSpVIH-6. The Sox9/Oct4/Oct1 may be the essential positive transcription factor of SpVIH gene.
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