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Journal of comparative economics v.45 no.4, 2017년, pp.773 - 792   SSCI
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Vote buying and campaign promises

Keefer, Philip    (Corresponding author.   ); Vlaicu, Razvan    (Research Department, Inter-American Development Bank, 1300 New York Ave NW, Washington, DC 20577, USA  );
  • 초록  

    Abstract What explains the wide variation across countries in the use of vote buying and policy promises during election campaigns? We address this question, and account for a number of stylized facts and apparent anomalies regarding vote buying, using a model in which parties cannot fully commit to campaign promises. We find that high vote buying is associated with frequent reneging on campaign promises, strong electoral competition, and high policy rents. Frequent reneging and low party competence reduce campaign promises. If vote buying can be financed out of public resources, incumbents buy more votes and enjoy an electoral advantage, but they also promise more public goods. Vote buying has distributional consequences: voters targeted with vote buying pre-election may receive no government benefits post-election. The results point to obstacles to the democratic transition from clientelist to programmatic forms of electoral competition: parties may not benefit electorally from institutions that increase commitment. Highlights Model of electoral competition where parties can use vote buying and policy promises that they may not keep. High vote buying is associated with frequent reneging on promises, strong electoral competition, and high policy rents. Frequent reneging and low party competence reduce campaign promises; vote buying has distributional consequences. Results are robust to endogenous rents, incumbent advantage and intertemporal effects. The results account for the difficulty of transitioning from clientelist to policy-based electoral competition.


  • 주제어

    Vote buying .   Campaign promises .   Rent seeking .   Incumbency.  

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