Seizure semiology in leucine-rich glioma-inactivated protein 1 antibody-associated limbic encephalitis
Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to advance the characterization of seizure semiology in leucine-rich glioma-inactivated protein 1 (LGI1) antibody-associated limbic encephalitis (LE). Methods Eighteen patients diagnosed with LGI1 LE were identified. Seizure semiology, demographic features, MRI and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), electroencephalograms, and outcomes following immunotherapy were evaluated. Results Patients were divided into the following groups based on seizure semiology: faciobrachial dystonic seizure only (FBDS-only, n=4), epileptic seizure without FBDS (Non-FBDS, n=6), and FBDS plus epileptic seizure (FBDS+, n=8). In the group with Non-FBDS, the majority of patients (5/6) manifested mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) like semiology (i.e., fear, epigastric rising, staring, and automatisms) with a frequency of 7±5 times per day and a duration of 15.3±14.3s. In the group with FBDS+, the distinctive symptom was FBDS followed by epileptic events, especially automatisms (7/8), with a frequency of 16±12 times per day and a duration of 13.0±8.0s. In these cases, 67% and 50% of the patients showed abnormalities on MRI and FDG-PET, respectively, and the mesial temporal lobe structures were most often involved. Ictal discharges were observed in 0/4, 6/6, and 8/8 of the patients in the groups with FBDS only, Non-FBDS, and FBDS+, respectively. The temporal lobe was mainly affected. Immunotherapy had favorable therapeutic effects. Significance The LGI1 LE should be considered as one disease syndrome with a series of clinical manifestation. Identifying types of unique semiology features will facilitate the early diagnosis and the timely initiation of immunotherapy. Highlights Based on semiology, LGI1 LE patient can be divided into three groups. Non-FBDS group manifested MTLE-like semiology with frequent and short duration attacks. In the FBDS+ group, the most common phenotype was FBDS followed by automatisms. Immunotherapy had favorable therapeutic effects on LGI1 LE.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기