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Journal of experimental social psychology v.74, 2018년, pp.218 - 230   SSCI
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

A sweeter win: When others help us outperform them

de Waal-Andrews, Wendy (Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Open University the Netherlands, PO Box 2960, 6401 DL Heerlen, The Netherlands ) ; van Beest, Ilja (Department of Social Psychology, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands ) ;
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    Abstract To succeed in today's workplaces, people often need to outperform the persons who helped them succeed. In three studies we assessed how doing so affects well-being, prosocial behavior and social perceptions. In the first two studies participants took part in a competitive version of a virtual ball-toss game, with different financial incentives in each study. Depending on condition participants either obtained the majority of the ball tosses or almost no ball tosses. Importantly, participants either “earned” this outcome as a result of their own performance or were “granted” this outcome as a result of the performance of the other players. Study 3 featured the same conditions and a combination of the incentives. However, participants now observed one of the games and rated the anticipated reaction of a focal player. The results revealed that (1) winning was better than losing, (2) especially when people's win was granted to them and less so when they earned it for themselves, (3) which resulted in higher well-being and prosocial behavior, and also maintained meta-perceptions and other-perceptions of competence and enhanced meta-perceptions and other-perceptions of warmth. These results advance theories on interpersonal competition, social comparison, and in/exclusion. Highlights Assessed people's reactions to outperforming others on whom they relied to succeed Manipulated winning versus losing as a result of others' versus one's own behavior Assessed effects on well-being, prosocial behavior and social perceptions Found that a granted victory was better than an earned victory Contribute to research on interpersonal competition, social comparison, and in/exclusion


  • 주제어

    Interpersonal competition .   Social comparison .   Social perception .   Social cognition .   Belonging .   Ostracism.  

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