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Social science research v.69, 2018년, pp.19 - 33   SSCI
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Barrios, ghettos, and residential racial composition: Examining the racial makeup of neighborhood profiles and their relationship to self-rated health

Booth, Jaime M.    (University of Pittsburgh, School of Social Work, 2117 Cathedral of Learning, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, United States   ); Teixeira, Samantha    (Boston College, School of Social Work, McGuinn Hall, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, United States   ); Zuberi, Anita    (Duquesne University, Department of Sociology, 519 College Hall, 1100 Locust Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, United States   ); Wallace Jr., John M.    (University of Pittsburgh, School of Social Work, 2117 Cathedral of Learning, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, United States  );
  • 초록  

    Abstract Racial/ethnic disparities in self-rated health persist and according to the social determinants of health framework, may be partially explained by residential context. The relationship between neighborhood factors and self-rated health has been examined in isolation but a more holistic approach is needed to understand how these factors may cluster together and how these neighborhood typologies relate to health. To address this gap, we conducted a latent profile analysis using data from the Chicago Community Adult Health Study (CCAHS; N = 2969 respondents in 342 neighborhood clusters) to identify neighborhood profiles, examined differences in neighborhood characteristics among the identified typologies and tested their relationship to self-rated health. Results indicated four distinct classes of neighborhoods that vary significantly on most neighborhood-level social determinants of health and can be defined by racial/ethnic composition and class. Residents in Hispanic, majority black disadvantaged, and majority black non-poor neighborhoods all had significantly poorer self-rated health when compared to majority white neighborhoods. The difference between black non-poor and white neighborhoods in self-rated health was not significant when controlling for individual race/ethnicity. The results indicate that neighborhood factors do cluster by race and class of the neighborhood and that this clustering is related to poorer self-rated health.


  • 주제어

    Residential racial composition .   Race/ethnicity .   Self-rated health .   Neighborhoods .   Health disparities .   Social determinants of health.  

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