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Food microbiology v.70, 2018년, pp.65 - 75   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Microbial biodiversity of Sardinian oleic ecosystems

Santona, Mario (Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, Via De Nicola, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy ) ; Sanna, Maria Lina (Dipartimento di Agraria, Viale Italia 39, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy ) ; Multineddu, Chiara (Dipartimento di Agraria, Viale Italia 39, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy ) ; Fancello, Francesco (Dipartimento di Agraria, Viale Italia 39, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy ) ; de la Fuente, Sara Audije (Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos (ETSIA) - Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain ) ; Dettori, Sandro (Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, Via De Nicola, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy ) ; Zara, Severino (Dipartimento di Agraria, Viale Italia 39, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract The olives are rich in microorganisms that, during the extraction process may persist in the oils and can influence their physicochemical and sensory characteristics. In this work, and for the first time, we isolated and identified microbial species, yeast and bacteria, present during the production process in four Sardinian (Italy) oleic ecosystems. Among these varieties, we found that Nera di Gonnos was associated to the highest microbial biodiversity, which was followed by Bosana, Nocellara del Belice and Semidana. Among the different microbial species isolated, some are specific of olive ecological niches, such as Cryptococcus spp and Serratia spp; and others to olive oils such as Candida spp and Saccharomyces . Some other species identified in this work were not found before in oleic ecosystems. The enzymatic analyses of yeast and bacteria showed that they have good β-glucosidase activity and yeast also showed good β-glucanase activity. The majority of bacteria presented lipolytic and catalase activities while in yeast were species-specific. Interestingly, yeast and bacteria isolates presented a high resistance to bile acid, and about 65% of the yeast were able to resist at pH 2.5 for 2 h. Finally, bacteria showed no biofilm activity compared to yeast. Highlights Confirmed the strong selective pressure on bacteria and yeast exerted by mono-varietal olive oils. Yeast and bacteria showed good β-glucosidase activity. Bacteria showed the highest lipolytic activity. Ninety percent of Isolates presented a high resistance to bile acid. Forty percent of the yeast were able to form a biofilm.


  • 주제어

    Yeast .   Bacteria .   Enzymatic activity .   Olive oil .   Biofilm .   Probiotics.  

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