Effect of different types of surfactants on the microstructure of methyltrimethoxysilane-derived silica aerogels: A combined experimental and computational approach
Abstract Hypothesis Surfactants interfere with sol-gel particle/pore growth, influencing the structure and properties of silica aerogels. Their ability to induce microscopic changes in the aerogel’s structure may be useful to improve/control the thermal insulation performance of aerogels. Experiments The influence of different types of surfactants (anionic, cationic and non-ionic) on the microstructural arrangement and macroscopic properties of methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS)-based aerogels was evaluated for the first time, using an experimental and computational comparative approach. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed based on two representative silica molecular structures derived from MTMS, while the experimentally-obtained silica aerogels were characterized in terms of chemical/structural/mechanical/thermal insulation properties. Findings The use of both hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) led to a decrease in bulk density, thermal conductivity and average pore size of the aerogels, with notorious increase of their flexibility. The observed changes were due to microstructural arrangements, as evidenced by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). However, the non-ionic surfactant, Pluronic F-127, did not have a positive impact on the desired properties. Globally, the simulation results support the experimental findings, suggesting differentiated microstructural changes induced by the use of cationic or anionic surfactants. The addition of CTAB and SDS generally resulted in smaller or larger silica aggregates, respectively. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기