Synthesis and application of a new carboxylated cellulose derivative. Part III: Removal of auramine-O and safranin-T from mono- and bi-component spiked aqueous solutions
Abstract In the third part of this series of studies, the adsorption of the basic textile dyes auramine-O (AO) and safranin-T (ST) on a carboxylated cellulose derivative (CTA) were evaluated in mono- and bi-component spiked aqueous solutions. Adsorption studies were developed as a function of solution pH, contact time, and initial dye concentration. Adsorption kinetic data were modeled by monocomponent kinetic models of pseudo-first- (PFO), pseudo-second-order (PSO), intraparticle diffusion, and Boyd, while the competitive kinetic model of Corsel was used to model bicomponent kinetic data. Monocomponent adsorption equilibrium data were modeled by the Langmuir, Sips, Fowler-Guggenhein, Hill de-Boer, and Konda models, while the IAST and RAST models were used to model bicomponent equilibrium data. Monocomponent maximum adsorption capacities for AO and ST at pH 4.5 were 2.841 and 3.691 mmol g −1 , and at pH 7.0 were 5.443 and 4.074 mmol g −1 , respectively. Bicomponent maximum adsorption capacities for AO and ST at pH 7.0 were 1.230 and 3.728 mmol g −1 . Adsorption enthalpy changes (Δ ads H ) were obtained using isothermal titration calorimetry. The values of Δ ads H ranged from −18.83 to −5.60 kJ mol −1 , suggesting that physisorption controlled the adsorption process. Desorption and re-adsorption of CTA was also evaluated. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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