Perioperative Outcomes and Complications in Patients With Heart Failure Following Total Knee Arthroplasty
Abstract Background Heart failure (HF) is a common comorbidity in the aging population and they will require major elective surgery. The purpose of this study is to determine if HF is a risk factor for adverse perioperative outcomes and short-term complications following total knee arthroplasty. Methods The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was utilized to identify all patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis from 2008 to 2014. Any diagnosis other than osteoarthritis was excluded. A total of 111,634 patients were identified and 251 of these patients had a preoperative diagnosis of HF. The main outcomes included operative time, lengths-of-stay, discharge disposition, return to operating room, readmission, and short-term complications, including death. Results Patients with HF were found to have longer hospital stays ( β = 0.59 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.12-1.06) following total knee arthroplasty, and were more likely to return to the operating room (odds ratio 2.00, 95% CI 1.01-3.94) and be readmitted (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.21-2.94). In addition, HF was found to be a risk factor for 1 or more complications (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.05-1.90), wound dehiscence (OR 4.86, 95% CI 1.68-14.03), and myocardial infarction (OR 4.81, 95% CI 1.90-12.16) postoperatively. Conclusion Patients with HF are more likely to have a longer length-of-stay, return to the operating room, and be readmitted. Additionally, they have a higher risk for at least one postoperative complication, myocardial infarction, and wound dehiscence.
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