Permian arc evolution associated with Panthalassa subduction along the eastern margin of the South China block, based on sandstone provenance and U–Pb detrital zircon ages of the Kurosegawa belt, Southwest Japan
Abstract We have studied the petrography, geochemistry, and detrital zircon U–Pb ages of sandstones from shallow-marine forearc sediments, accretionary complexes (ACs), and metamorphosed accretionary complexes (Meta-ACs) within the Kurosegawa belt of Southwest Japan. Those rocks formed in a forearc region of a Permian island arc associated with subduction of the Panthalassa oceanic crust along the eastern margin of the South China block (Yangtze block). The provenance of the shallow-marine sediments was dominated by basaltic to andesitic volcanic rocks and minor granitic rocks during the late Middle to Late Permian. The ACs were derived from felsic to andesitic volcanic rocks during the Late Permian. The provenance of Meta-ACs was dominated by andesitic volcanic rocks in the Middle Permian. The provenance, source rock compositions, and zircon age distribution for the forearc sediments, ACs and Meta-ACs have allowed us to reconstruct the geological history of the Permian arc system of the Kurosegawa belt. During the Middle Permian, the ACs were accreted along the eastern margin of the South China block. The Middle Permian arc was an immature oceanic island arc consisting of andesitic volcanic rocks. During the Late Permian, the ACs formed in a mature arc, producing voluminous felsic to andesitic volcanic rocks. A forearc basin developed during the late Middle to Late Permian. Subsequently, the Middle Permian ACs and part of the Late Permian AC underwent low-grade metamorphism in the Late to Early Jurassic, presenting the Meta-ACs. Highlights Provenance of Permian accretionary complex (AC) is presented in the Kurosegawa belt. Middle Permian Meta-ACs were dominated by andesitic volcanic rocks. Late Permian ACs were mostly derived from felsic to andesitic volcanic rocks. Proto-Japanese island was changed from an immature to a mature arc during the Permian. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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