New constraints on slip rates of the Fodongmiao-Hongyazi fault in the Northern Qilian Shan, NE Tibet, from the 10Be exposure dating of offset terraces
Abstract The Fodongmo-Hongyazi fault (FHF) is a major thrust of Northeastern Tibet, bounding the Qilian Shan. It accommodates crustal shortening across this region and has produced a strong historical earthquake. Until now the slip rate has been poorly constrained, limiting our understanding of its role in the accommodation of deformation across this region. In this paper, faulted terraces at two sites on the western and middle segments of the FHF were mapped with satellite imagery and field observations. Chronological constraints are placed on the ages of displaced river terraces at these sites using terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide (TCN) exposure dating. These ages combined with offsets measured from SPOT 6 DEM’s yield average vertical slip rates of 1.3±0.1mm/yr for the western segment since ∼207ka and 0.9±0.1mm/yr since ∼46ka for the middle segment. These data suggest that the FHF accommodates ∼15–20% of the total shortening across the Qilian Shan (5.5–7mm/yr). In addition, comparisons of our data with published slip rates along the Northern Qilian Thrust Fault Zone show that the fastest tectonic uplift occurs along the western portion of the Northern Qilian Shan. This is consistent with estimates deduced from geomorphology. The western portion of the Qilian Shan is mainly controlled by compressional deformation produced by the northward movement of the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau, while the eastern Qilian Shan is mainly controlled by the eastward extrusion of material along the left-lateral Haiyuan strike-slip Fault. Highlights 10 Be dating of offset terraces yields slip rates of 1.3∼0.9mm/yr of the FH Fault. The fastest deformation have been demonstrated on the western of the Qilian Shan. Late Quaternary vertical slip rates along the NQTFZ shows a spatial variability. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
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