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Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior v.164, 2018년, pp.106 - 117   SCI SCIE
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Age and impulsive behavior in drug addiction: A review of past research and future directions

Argyriou, Evangelia (Department of Psychology, Ball State University, 2000 W University Ave, Muncie, IN 47306, United States ) ; Um, Miji (Department of Psychology, Indiana University – ) ; Carron, Claire (Purdue University Indianapolis, 402 N. Blackford Street, Indianapolis, IN 46202, United States ) ; Cyders, Melissa A. (Department of Psychology, Indiana University – ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Impulsive behavior is implicated in the initiation, maintenance, and relapse of drug-seeking behaviors involved in drug addiction. Research shows that changes in impulsive behavior across the lifespan contribute to drug use and addiction. The goal of this review is to examine existing research on the relationship between impulsive behavior and drug use across the lifespan and to recommend directions for future research. Three domains of impulsive behavior are explored in this review: impulsive behavior-related personality traits, delay discounting, and prepotent response inhibition. First, we present previous research on these three domains of impulsive behavior and drug use across developmental stages. Then, we discuss how changes in impulsive behavior across the lifespan are implicated in the progression of drug use and addiction. Finally, we discuss the relatively limited attention given to middle-to-older adults in the current literature, consider the validity of the measures used to assess impulsive behavior in middle-to-older adulthood, and suggest recommendations for future research. Highlights The relationship between impulsive behavior and drug use across the lifespan is reviewed. Age differences in impulsive behavior across the lifespan exist and influence drug use. Impulsive behavior and drug use in middle-to-older adulthood is often overlooked. Recommendations for future research are discussed.


  • 주제어

    Impulsive behavior .   UPPS-P .   Delay discounting .   Prepotent response inhibition .   Drug use .   Addiction.  

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