Bioactive products from singlet oxygen photooxygenation of cannabinoids
Abstract Photooxygenation of Δ 8 tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ 8 -THC), Δ 9 tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ 9 -THC), Δ 9 tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (Δ 9 -THCA) and some derivatives (acetate, tosylate and methyl ether) yielded 24 oxygenated derivatives, 18 of which were new and 6 were previously reported, including allyl alcohols, ethers, quinones, hydroperoxides, and epoxides. Testing these compounds for their modulatory effect on cannabinoid receptors CB 1 and CB 2 led to the identification of 7 and 21 as CB 1 partial agonists with Ki values of 0.043 μM and 0.048 μM, respectively and 23 as a cannabinoid with high binding affinity for CB 2 with Ki value of 0.0095 μM, but much less affinity towards CB 1 (Ki 0.467 μM). The synthesized compounds showed cytotoxic activity against cancer cell lines (SK-MEL, KB, BT-549, and SK-OV-3) with IC 50 values ranging from 4.2 to 8.5 μg/mL. Several of those compounds showed antimicrobial, antimalarial and antileishmanial activities, with compound 14 being the most potent against various pathogens. Highlights Photooxygenation of cannabinol derivatives yielded 18 new oxygenated compounds. Products exhibited anticancer, antimicrobial, and antileishmanial effects. One derivative showed better antileishmanial activity than standard drugs. Two derivatives are CB1 partial agonists, one shows high CB2 binding affinity. Photooxygenation may be a practical way to synthesize cannabinoid metabolites. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기