Design and synthesis of novel quinacrine-[1,3]-thiazinan-4-one hybrids for their anti-breast cancer activity
Abstract In an attempt to develop effective and safe anticancer agents, we designed, synthesized and examined 23 novel quinacrine (QC) derivatives by combining the 9-aminoacridine scaffold and the [1,3]thiazinan-4-ones group. Most of these hybrids showed strong anticancer activities, among which 3-(3-(6-chloro-2-methoxyacridin-9-ylamino)propyl)-2-(thiophen-2-yl)-1,3-thiazinan-4-one ( 25 ; VR151 ) effectively killed many different cancer cell types, including eight breast cancer cell lines with different genetic background, two prostate cancer and two lung cancer cell lines. In contrast, compound 25 is less effective against non-cancer cells, suggesting it may be less toxic to humans. Our data showed that cancer cells are arrested in S phase for a prolonged period due to the down-regulation of DNA replication, leading to eventual cell death. We have also shown that the S phase arrest may be resulted by the down-regulation of cyclin A coupled with the continued up-regulation of cyclin E, which coincide with the down-regulation of mTor-S6K and mTor-4EBP1 pathways. Highlights A series of novel quinacrine derived thiazinan-4-ones were synthesized. The detailed SARs of the derivatives were summarized. Compound 25 is substantially effective than the parental quinacrine. Compound 25 bind to certain protein essential for DNA replication without causing DNA damage, resulting in the inhibition of DNA replication and/or the down-regulation of cyclin A. Graphical abstract [DISPLAY OMISSION]
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기