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Study of the Effects of Ethanol As an Additive with a Blend of Poultry Litter Biodiesel and Alumina Nanoparticles on a Diesel Engine

Ramesha, D. K. (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, Bangalore University, Bangalore, Karnataka , India ) ; Rajmalwar, Nishad (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, Bangalore University, Bangalore, Karnataka , India ) ; Varma, T. Sreeharsha (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vemana Institute of Technology, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bangalore, Karnataka , India ) ; Mrithyunajaya, Swamy K. M. ;
  • 초록

    Abstract With the increasing population and rise in industrialization, the demand for petroleum reserves is increasing almost daily. This is causing depletion of the non-renewable energy resources. This work aims to find an alternative fuel for diesel engines. The use of poultry litter oil biodiesel obtained from poultry industry waste, which is a non-edible source for biodiesel, is very encouraging as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. The aim of this study is to observe and maximize the performance of poultry litter oil biodiesel by adding alumina nanoparticles and ethanol. The biodiesel is prepared with acid and the base catalysed transesterification of poultry litter oil with methanol using concentrated sulphuric acid and potassium hydroxide as catalysts. The experimentation is carried out on a CI engine with three different blends - B20 biodiesel blend, B20 biodiesel blend with 30 mg/L alumina nanoparticles, and B20 biodiesel blend with 30 mg/L alumina nanoparticles and 15 ml/L ethanol. The performance, combustion and emission characteristics of all three blends are compared with neat diesel. The results of the experiment show that ethanol as an additive improves the combustion and performance characteristics. It increases the brake thermal efficiency and peak cylinder pressure. It also reduces CO and UBHC emissions and there is a marginal increase in NO x emissions as compared to neat diesel.


  • 주제어

    Diesel Engine .   Poultry Litter Oil Methyl Ester .   Biodiesel .   Alumina Nanoparticles .   Transesterification .   Ethanol .   Performance .   Combustion .   Emission.  

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