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A Baseline Study of Past-Year Problem Gambling Prevalence Among Ohioans

Massatti, Richard R. Starr, Sanford Frohnapfel-Hasson, Stacey Martt, Nick
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    Historically, the scope of legalized gambling was limited in Ohio, but everything changed when a new constitutional amendment allowed four casinos to open. To better understand the impact of gambling expansion, a household survey was commissioned to determine the baseline estimate of problem gambling behaviours in the state before casinos opened. Participants were selected through multi-stage probability sampling, with over 3,500 respondents completing valid surveys. Nearly 60% of Ohioans gambled in the past year, but the statewide prevalence of problem gambling was relatively low; only 1.4% of persons scored high enough on the Problem Gambling Severity Index to be classified as a potential problem gambler (score >3). Regional estimates of problem gambling were highest for Franklin and Hamilton counties (both 5.0%) and lowest for Lucas and Cuyahoga counties (3.2% and 2.1%, respectively). Exploratory logistic regression modelling found that race, employment, education, family history of problem gambling, and feelings of depression increased the odds of being a problem gambler. Results will inform the discussion about current gambling problems and enable policy makers to design prevention strategies.La prEsente Etude portait sur la relation entre le prix des billets de loterie instantanEe (A gratter) et la ≪ rEcupEration des pertes ≫ dans un seul Episode de jeu. Pendant plusieurs mois, chaque fois qu'un billet de loterie instantanEe Etait achetE (N = 1081), les commis de dEpanneur consignaient le sexe des joueurs et le prix des billets de loterie instantanEe, et indiquaient si le consommateur avait achetE un autre billet avant de quitter les lieux. L'analyse de rEgression logistique a montrE une corrElation importante entre le prix des billets et le rachat (rapport de cotes = 0,842, p


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