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Gambling Behaviour and Motivation in British Older Adult Populations: A Grounded Theoretical Framework

Pattinson, Julie Parke, Adrian
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    Gambling participation among older adults aged 65 and above has increased in Great Britain. However, there is limited research and therefore understanding about cognitive and behavioural patterns of gambling for this demographic. The objective of this study is to develop a substantive framework that represents the gambling behaviour of older adults in Great Britain, with specific reference to motivational factors affecting behaviour. A systematic grounded theory approach (Strauss & Corbin, 1998) was used to produce an inductive set of theoretical propositions. A stratified sample of 17 British older adults aged 65 years and older, who gambled frequently, was recruited. Theoretical sampling was used to fully develop emerging concepts. Axial and selective coding revealed that gambling was often used as a coping mechanism to alleviate distress from psychological and physical lifestyle changes associated with the aging process. In total, four grounded theoretical propositions emerged that accounted for gambling participation, including facilitation of gambling, psychological stress reduction, physical stress mediation, and satisfaction of stimulation needs. Patterns emerged from the data that suggested unique motivational factors regarding gambling behaviour of older adults in Great Britain in contrast to other adult populations. This is the first study to investigate gambling behaviour in British older adults. New directions for future research are discussed in relation to emergent findings.Une augmentation de la participation des personnes AgEes de 65 ans et plus au jeu a EtE observEe en Grande-Bretagne. Il existe toutefois peu d'Etudes sur le sujet et, par consEquent, on connaIt peu les caractEristiques cognitives et comportementales de ce groupe de la population en ce qui a trait au jeu. La prEsente Etude vise A concevoir un important cadre de travail reprEsentant le comportement de jeu des personnes AgEes en G.-B., faisant explicitement rEfErence aux facteurs qui motivent le comportement. On a utilisE la mEthode de la thEorie ancrEe (systematic grounded theory) (Strauss & Corbin, 1998) pour produire un ensemble inductif de propositions thEoriques. Un Echantillon stratifiE de 17 Britanniques AgEs de 65 ans et plus s'adonnant souvent au jeu a EtE formE. L'Echantillonnage thEorique a servi A Elaborer de nouveaux concepts. Le codage axial et sElectif des donnEes a rEvElE que le jeu Etait souvent employE comme mEcanisme d'adaptation pour attEnuer la dEtresse dEcoulant des changements psychologiques et physiques du mode de vie associEs au processus de vieillissement. Au total, quatre propositions de thEorie ancrEe ont EmergE pour expliquer la participation au jeu : la facilitation du jeu, la rEduction du stress psychologique, la mEdiation du stress physique et la satisfaction des besoins de stimulation. Les caractEristiques Emergeant des donnEes laissent entendre que par rapport A d'autres populations de personnes AgEes, il y aurait des facteurs motivationnels uniques au comportement de jeu des personnes AgEes en G.-B. Cette Etude est la premiEre A se pencher sur le comportement de jeu des personnes AgEes britanniques et A discuter des nouvelles orientations A donner aux Etudes futures compte tenu des conclusions qui y sont EnoncEes.


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