Geochemistry, petrology and geodynamic setting of the Urumieh plutonic complex, Sanandaj–Sirjan zone, NW Iran: New implication for Arabian and Central Iranian plate collision
Abstract The Urumieh plutonic complex, in the northernmost part of Sanandaj-Sirjan zone (SSZ) of Iran, consists of ten basic-acidic units which formed in response to subduction and continental collision of the SSZ with the Arabian plate to the south during Mid-Late Cretaceous times. Geochemically, the plutonic unit is divided into three distinct groups: I-type, S-type and A-type that mainly belong to calc-alkalic series. The I-type intrusions, especially mafic members, are enriched in LREE and LILE and possibly formed from metasomatized mantle wedge during the subduction of the Neo-Tethys oceanic crust beneath the SSZ. The felsic I-type rocks are depleted in Ba, Sr, Nb, Ta, Ti and Eu, but enriched in Rb, Th, K, Ce, U and La. These data suggest that they formed in deep crustal levels via partial melting of crustal sources by injection of hot mantle magmas. The S-type rocks are characterized by low Na 2 O ( 2 O 3 /(MgO+FeO) and K 2 O/Na 2 O ratios combined with low CaO/(MgO+FeO*) ratios. These features show that the S-type granites originated from partial melting of a metapelitic to metagreywacke source. The A-type alkali feldspar granites formed through the slab break off after the continental collision in northwestern Iran by decompression melting of crustal protolith. The author's new model implies that collision between Arabian margin and north SSZ initiated in the Late Cretaceous and completed until Late Paleocene. In contrast, in the southeast, subduction was active during this period of time, but collision presumably occurred during the Middle to Late Miocene. Highlights The Urumieh plutonic complex is divided into I, S and A types intrusions. The rocks generated from different source rocks. All plutonic rocks from the Sanandaj-Sirjan Zone are related to oblique subduction of neotethys beneath the Central Iran. The collision between Arabian margin and Iranian plate has been different from north to south.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2017.11.039
- Elsevier : 저널 > 논문
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