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Applied energy v.212, 2018년, pp.704 - 719   SCI SCIE
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Sustainable silicon photovoltaics manufacturing in a global market: A techno-economic, tariff and transportation framework

Castellanos, Sergio (Berkeley Energy & Climate Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ) ; Santibañez-Aguilar, José (Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey 64849, Mexico ) ; E. (Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ) ; Shapiro, Benjamin B. (Boston Consulting Group, Detroit, MI, USA ) ; Powell, Douglas M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA ) ; Peters, Ian M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA ) ; Buonassisi, Tonio (Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA ) ; Kammen, Daniel M. (Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey 64849, Mexico ) ; Flores-Tlacuahuac, Antonio ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Solar photovoltaics (PV) manufacturing has experienced dramatic worldwide growth in recent years, enabling a reduction in module costs, and a higher adoption of these technologies. Continued sustainable price reductions, however, require strategies focused in further technological innovation, minimization of capital expenditures, and optimization of supply chain flows. We present a framework: Techno-economic Integrated Tool For Tariff And Transportation (TIT-4-TAT), that enables the study of these different strategies by coupling a techno-economic model with a tariff and transportation algorithm to optimize supply chain layouts for PV manufacturing under equally-weighted objectives. We demonstrate the use of this framework in a set of interacting countries (Mexico, China, USA, and Brazil) and two extreme tariff scenarios: no tariffs, and high tariff levels imposed. Results indicate that introducing tariffs between countries significantly increase the minimum sustainable price for solar PV manufacturing, alter the optimal manufacturing locations, and render a more expensive final solar PV module price which can hinder the adoption rates required to mitigate climate change. Recommendations for stakeholders on the optimization process, and techno-economic drivers are presented based on our results. This framework may be utilized by policymakers for the spatially-resolved planning of incentives, labor and manufacturing programs, and proper import tariff designs in the solar PV market. Highlights A framework to optimize photovoltaics manufacturing supply chains is proposed. Techno-economic, transportation, and tariff variables impact supply chain results. Multiple objectives can be optimized while achieving low PV manufacturing costs. Minimum sustainable price is substantially increased upon tariffs introduction.


  • 주제어

    Solar photovoltaics .   Photovoltaics manufacturing .   Mathematical programming .   Minimum sustainable price .   Multi-objective approach.  

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