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Applied energy v.212, 2018년, pp.223 - 232   SCI SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

A generic framework for power system flexibility analysis using cooperative game theory

Kristiansen, Martin (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ) ; Korpås, Magnus (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway ) ; Svendsen, Harald G. (SINTEF Energy, Trondheim, Norway ) ;
  • 초록  

    Abstract Electricity grid infrastructures provides valuable flexibility in power systems with high shares of variable supply due to its ability to distribute low-cost supply to load centers (spatial), in addition to interlinking a variety of supply and demand characteristics that potentially offset each others negative impact on system balance (temporal). In this paper, we present a framework to investigate the benefits of alternative flexibility providers, such as fast-ramping gas turbines, hydropower and demand side management, by using a generation and transmission capacity expansion planning model. We demonstrate our findings with a multinational case study of the North Sea Offshore Grid with an infrastructure typology from year 2016 and operational data for year 2030 – considering a range of renewable capacity levels spanning from 0% to 100%. First, we show how different flexibility providers are allocated geographically by the model. Second, operational cost savings are quantified per incremental unit of flexible capacity. Finally, we present a way to rank different flexibility providers by considering their marginal contribution to aggregate cost savings, reduced CO 2 emissions, and increased utilization of renewable energy sources in the system. The Shapley Value from cooperative game theory allows us to assess the latter benefits accounting for all possible sequences of technology deployment, in contrast to traditional approaches. The presented framework could help to gain insights for energy policy designs or risk assessments. Highlights Alternative method for flexibility analyses using Shapley Value. The method is demonstrated with a multinational offshore grid case study. Demand for flexibility options are identified by countries and technology. Implicitly accounting for uncertainty in lead time and innovation. Generate insights for multinational policy designs or investment analyses.


  • 주제어

    Energy policy .   North Sea Offshore Grid .   Power system flexibility .   Renewable integration .   Shapley value .   Transmission expansion planning.  

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