Numerical investigation on cryogenic liquid jet under transcritical and supercritical conditions
Abstract Cryogenic fluid injection and mixing under transcritical and supercritical conditions is numerically investigated with emphasis on the difference of the mechanism and characteristics between the two injections. A new solver is developed which is capable of handling the nonideality of the equation of state and the anomalies in fluid transport properties and is incorporated into the CFD software OpenFOAM. The new solver has been validated against available experimental data and exhibits a good performance. Computational results indicates that the differences between transcritical and supercritical injections are mainly induced by the pseudo-boiling phenomenon, resulting in that the transcritical jet has a longer cold liquid core and an isothermal expansion occurs at the surface of the cold core. The thickness of the supercritical mixing layer and its increase value along the jet direction are greater than its transcritical counterpart. The high-temperature jet whose initial temperature is above the pseudo-boiling temperature has the ability of enhancing the mixing of the jet with the surrounding gas. Highlights A new solver is developed which is capable of handling the nonideality of the equation of state and the anomalies in fluid transport properties. Under transcritical conditions the significance of the critical point is no longer important, which should be replaced by the pseudo-boiling point. Characteristics of transcritical and supercritical mixing layers are analyzed in details, and a thickness of the mixing layer is defined by the density gradient.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryogenics.2017.10.021
- Elsevier : 저널 > 논문
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