Leukocyte-derived microparticles exaggerate endothelial senescence and vascular dysfunction induced by high glucose
Introduction Microparticles (MPs) are plasma membrane vesicles and vascular effectors. High levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and procoagulant endothelial-derived MPs circulate in diabetic patients. We have shown that (i) leukocyte-derived MPs shed in response to stress are pro-inflammatory, procoagulant and prosenescent endothelial effectors; (ii) high glucose induces premature endothelial senescence. Objective To determine the possibility that leukocyte-derived MPs affect endothelial senescence and vascular function in response to high glucose. Methods Leukocyte MPs were isolated from rat splenocytes with either 5mg/ml LPS (MPLPS), 25ng/ml PMA/1mM A23187 ionophore (MPPMAi), or vehicle (MPCTL). Porcine coronary artery endothelial cells (ECs) at passage 1 were incubated for 48h with 1–30nM MPs in high or low glucose concentration (HG 25mM, NG 5.5mM). Senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-ß-GAL) activity was assessed by C12FDG, protein expression by Western blot analysis. Pig coronary artery rings were pre-incubated with HG or NG for 12h prior to addition of 1–30nM MPs for 12h. Bradykinin (BK)-induced endothelium-dependent relaxations were assessed in organ chambers, and staining of target proteins by confocal microscopy. Results At 10nM, MPLPS and MPPMAi enhanced SA-b-GAL activity both by about 2-fold in NG, and respectively 3 and 3.7-fold in HG. The expression of senescence markers p21, p16 doubled and that of eNOS decreased 2-fold. MPPMAi and MPLPS induced a concentration-dependent inhibition of BK-induced relaxation, inhibition by respectively 10nM and 30nM,being 65% in NG, amounting to about 85% in HG, whereas 30nM MPCTL had no effect. MPPMAi and MPLPS reduced eNOS expression by 60% in NG and 80% in HG. Conversely, VCAM-1, COX-2 were up-regulated. Conclusion Leukocyte-derived MPs enhance HG-induced alteration of the endothelial function by inducing premature senescence and might contribute to vascular dysfunction in diabetes patients.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기