Experimental study on mixing and stratification of buoyancy-driven flows produced by continuous buoyant source in narrow inclined tank
Abstract In this study, a series of experiments are performed to investigate the mixing and stratification of buoyancy-driven flows in a narrow inclined tank. The buoyancy-driven flow is produced by continuously releasing dense brine into an inclined tank filled with fresh water. Two distinct mixing regimes are identified. In one of the regimes, fresh water enters the tank because of the negative pressure induced by the brine plume. In the other regime, the fresh water inflow is mainly caused by the stack effect. A light attenuation technique is used to measure the density stratification and distribution in the tank. The effects of the buoyant source volume flow rate, source buoyancy flux, and source location on the mixing and stratification are investigated. The results indicate that the mixing between the buoyant and ambient fluids is strengthened by the increase in the source volume flow rate and the height difference between the source location and the lower end of the tank. However, the current downstream of the source becomes more stratified as the source buoyancy flux increases. A dimensionless parameter, λ , is proposed to evaluate the overall mixing intensity in the tank. As λ increases, the flow changes from a bidirectional one to a unidirectional one. The evolution of reduced gravity along the longitudinal direction is also investigated. The results indicate that fresh water is entrained into the brine layer if the thickness of the brine layer is less than the tank height. Otherwise, the reduced gravity remains constant along the longitudinal direction of the tank. Highlights Mixing/stratification of buoyancy-driven flows in narrow inclined tanks is studied. Two mixing regimes induced by the plume and the stack effect are identified. Increases in the source volume flow rate and source location height affect mixing. The downstream current is more stratified as the source buoyancy flux increases. A dimensionless factor considering inclination is proposed to evaluate mixing.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2018.01.010
- Elsevier : 저널> 권호 > 논문
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