Experimental study on evolutions of temperature and height of waterfilm during static flash
Abstract The temperature and height of waterfilm were a pair of coupled characteristic parameters indicating the instant heat/mass transfer during static film flash of pure water. Their evolutions and interactions were studied through experiments with initial height of waterfilm ranging between 0.15 and 0.3 m, initial temperature between 80.2 and 93.0 °C, initial pressure of vacuum chamber between 0.013 and 0.061 MPa. Results suggested both height and decrease rate of temperature of waterfilm experienced a rapid increase to peak value and a gradual decline after that. Considering most of heat transfer happened within waterfilm, volumetric evaporation coefficient was introduced as the total heat flux transferred through all bubble interfaces within unit volume of waterfilm under unit superheat. This coefficient increased significantly with rising volumetric void fraction of waterfilm. Except vapor generation, mass transfer during static flash also included the overflowing of vapor. Its overflowing speed increased with initial height of waterfilm. According to these results, a model was set up to calculate the evolutions of temperature and height of waterfilm from given evolution of saturation temperature corresponding to the pressure of flash chamber. Highlights Evolution of waterfilm height was filmed by high-speed camera and identified. Volumetric evaporation coefficient was introduced to depict the intensity of heat transfer during static flash. Interactions between height and temperature of waterfilm during static flash were studied. A calculation model was set up to compute evolution of height/temperature from given flash chamber pressure.
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- DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.156
- Elsevier : 저널 > 논문
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