The effect of question structure on self-reported drinking: Ascending versus descending order effects
Abstract Response-order effects refer to differences in participant responding based on the order of questionnaire response options. Theory predicts primacy effects (options presented earlier are more frequently endorsed). We predicted primacy effects for unipolar scales related to alcohol. Undergraduates ( N = 791) completed questionnaires on drinking motives, personality, and alcohol problems. Participants were randomly assigned to ascending (lowest-to-highest) or descending (highest-to-lowest) response-order conditions. Pre-registered analyses found primacy effects for sensation-seeking and enhancement motives. There was no moderation by sex, ethnicity, or age. Experimental condition had no impact on concurrent validity. Exploratory analyses found that undergraduates selected “Strongly Agree” more often in the descending condition and primacy effects for alcohol problems. Overall, we found evidence for small primacy effects in undergraduate students. Highlights Primacy effects should occur in measures related to alcohol use. These effects will occur most when responses are presented in descending order. Primacy effects were seen for sensation-seeking and enhancement motives. Participants endorsed “Strongly Agree” more often in the descending condition.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기